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Choosing the Right Project Management Methodology: A Comparison of Waterfall, Agile, and Scrum

When it comes to software development projects, there are several methodologies to choose from. Here, we’ll compare three popular methodologies: Waterfall, Agile, and Scrum.

Waterfall methodology is a traditional approach to project management, where each phase of the project is completed before moving onto the next. This methodology is often used in industries with strict regulatory requirements or when a project has a clear, well-defined scope. Waterfall methodology can be useful for projects where the requirements are stable, and changes are unlikely. However, it can be difficult to make changes once a phase has been completed, and there is a risk of delivering a product that does not meet the customer’s needs.

Agile methodology, on the other hand, is a more flexible and iterative approach to project management. Agile involves breaking the project down into smaller, more manageable tasks and continuously iterating and improving on them. This approach is well-suited for projects with changing requirements, as it allows for quick adjustments and feedback. Agile methodology emphasizes collaboration between team members and encourages customer involvement throughout the project.

Scrum is a specific type of Agile methodology that involves short, time-boxed sprints. The team works on a set of tasks during each sprint, with the goal of delivering a potentially shippable product increment at the end of each sprint. Scrum involves daily stand-up meetings and regular reviews and retrospectives to continuously improve the team’s processes. This methodology is ideal for teams working on complex projects that require frequent communication and collaboration.

When choosing a project management methodology, it’s important to consider the specific needs of the project. For mobile app development, for example, a Mobile app development company may choose Agile or Scrum methodology because it allows for quick iterations and the ability to adapt to changes in the mobile app development market. Similarly, for cutting-edge technologies like Blockchain app development, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence, where requirements are constantly evolving, Agile or Scrum methodologies may be the best fit. Ultimately, the choice of methodology will depend on the team’s experience and skills, as well as the project’s goals and constraints.

Let’s see the quick comparison between each methodology.


1. The Waterfall methodology is a linear, sequential approach to project management. It involves dividing the project into distinct stages that must be completed in a specific order. The stages are typically requirements gathering, design, implementation, testing, and deployment.

2. Waterfall is best suited for projects with well-defined requirements that are unlikely to change. It is also suitable for projects where there is a clear idea of what the final product should look like and where the team has experience in similar projects.

3. Furthermore, the use of machine learning development in software development has the potential to change the nature of software itself, making it more adaptive and responsive to changing environments and user needs. Therefore, it is essential for software development companies to keep up with the latest machine learning development trends and technologies to remain competitive in the industry.

Few Examples

  • Developing an accounting software with a fixed set of features
  • Building a database management system to store data in a specific format
  • Creating a content management system with a defined set of user roles and permissions

Agile :
Agile is an iterative approach to project management that emphasizes collaboration, frequent testing, and continuous delivery of working software. The Agile methodology consists of a set of values and principles that prioritize customer satisfaction, teamwork, and responsiveness to change.

Few Examples:

  • Developing a mobile app that requires frequent updates and feature additions based on user feedback.
  • Creating a social media platform that needs to be responsive to changing user behavior’s and trends.
  • Building an e-commerce website that requires ongoing improvements to user experience and functionality.

Scrum :

• Scrum is a specific implementation of Agile methodology that focuses on collaboration, flexibility, and incremental progress. It involves breaking down the project into short, fixed-length iterations called sprints. Each sprint includes a planning meeting, daily stand-ups, sprint review, and sprint retrospective.

• Scrum methodology is best suited for projects where the requirements are unclear or likely to change. It is also suitable for projects where the team is willing to work closely with stakeholders and end-users to ensure that the final product meets their needs.

Few Examples :

Developing a new software product from scratch, where requirements are likely to evolve and change over time

Building a software tool to address a specific customer need, where the customer is heavily involved in the development process

Creating a new feature or module for an existing software product, where a rapid development cycle is needed to keep up with changing market demands.

At Vhigna, we have a senior project team that is well-versed in all the methodologies, enabling us to choose the best methodology for each project and ensure its successful delivery. We work closely with our clients to understand their needs and constraints and develop a customized approach that works best for them. With our expertise in project management methodologies and software development, we are committed to delivering high-quality, effective solutions to our clients.

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